Jaw correction surgery

Orthognathic Surgery: Orthognathic or jaw surgery is a group of surgical procedures designed to correct structural and shape deformities in the jaw and face. These deformities can affect facial symmetry, chewing and eating, speech, swallowing, and other functions.

Timing: Orthognathic surgery is typically performed after a patient’s jaw growth has stopped, which is usually around 14 to 16 years in females and 17 to 20 years in males. This surgery is closely coordinated with an orthodontist to consider the alignment of the teeth.

Surgical Procedure: The surgery is performed under general anesthesia, and incisions are made inside the mouth to expose the upper or lower jaws. Cuts are made in the bone according to the surgical plan. The occlusal parts or teeth are aligned as planned, and adjustments may be made to the bone. Titanium plates and screws are used to fix the cut mobile parts to the facial skeleton, and incisions are closed with sutures.

Expected Outcomes: Orthognathic surgery aims to align the jaws and teeth correctly, leading to significant improvements in chewing, breathing, speech, facial appearance, and facial symmetry. It can also boost a patient’s self-esteem.